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Mycoplasmas are atypical bacteria that live as intra- or extracellular parasites. Mycoplasmas can be transmitted through aerosols (M. pneumoniae, M. fermentans, both of which are found in the saliva); sexual transmission is also frequent (M. genitalium).

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Sample required: Blood: 2 ml whole blood in EDTA tube. Stable for 48hours. For longer periods freeze at –20°C or –80°C


Acute M. pneumoniae infections cause pneumonia, bronchitis; chronic infection in the lungs can exacerbate other respiratory diseases such as asthma. Mycoplasmas can disseminate from their primary infection site to other organs. Central nervous system can be a target, resulting in encephalitis; attack on the joints and development of arthritis is also frequent.
Mycoplasma infections are particularly frequent in CFS patients. Using PCR detection, M. fermentans was found in 34% of CFS patients, versus 8% of healthy controls. Another study showed that more than two third of CFS patients (versus 5.6% of controls) were infected by at least one mycoplasma species (M. fermentans, M. pneumoniae, or M. hominis). This high prevalence may result from the immunodepression typically observed in CFS (low NK activity); however persistent mycoplasma infections can in turn contribute to the etiology of the disease by eliciting a chronic inflammatory response.

Nicolson et al. (J Neurosci Res. 2007) examined the blood of 48 patients from central and southern California diagnosed with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) and found that a large subset (28/48 or 58.3%) of patients showed evidence of Mycoplasma spp. infections compared with two of 45 (4.7%) age-matched control subjects (odds ratio = 13.8, P < 0.001).

Data sheet
Do I need to prepay the test before receiving the kit?

No, we will send you an invoice once we receive your sample. All payment instructions are listed on the invoice. You can pay by wire transfer or credit card (VISA or Mastercard only). Please kindly note that checks are no longer accepted. The analysis report will be released only if the tests are paid.

What is the turnaround time for the tests?

Testing turnaround time is assay-dependent. Some results are available in 48h (like CD57 count, Phagotest, etc.), while some others need more time (like PCRs with sequencing confirmation). The results of analyses are delivered maximum 6 weeks after sample reception.

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